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The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.

This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.

However, this is not applicable in case of Indian States.

The following provision of Indian constitution makes it unitary Article I of the Constitution describes India as a ‘Union of States’, which implies two things: firstly, it is not the result of an agreement among the States and secondly, the States have no freedom to secede or separate from the Union.

Besides, the Constitution of the Union and the States is a single framework from which neither can get out and within which they must function.

After this procedure the amendment is signed by the head of the state i.e; the President.

Since in India important amendments can be amended through this procedure Hence, Indian Constitution has been rightly called a rigid constitution. The Union List consists of 97 subjects of national importance such as Defence, Railways, Post and Telegraph, etc.

It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.

But actually Indian constitution contains both features of a federal constitution and unitary constitution.

The supremacy of the constitution means that both, the Union and the State Governments, shall operate within the limits set by the Constitution.

And both the union government and the central government derive their powers from the constitution.: The constitution of India is a rigid constitution and this is one of the basic features of federal constitution.

The federation is a union because it is indestructible and helps to maintain the unity of the country.

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